|Publication Type:||Book Chapter|
|Year of Publication:||2013|
|Authors:||Mayo, S. J., Bogner J.|
|Book Title:||Early events in Monocot evolution|
|Publisher:||Cambridge University Press, The Systematics Association|
|Keywords:||19th century, A. Engler, Araceae, C.W. Nägeli, classification, evolutionary concepts, Vervollkommnungstheorie|
The development of A. Engler’s classification of the Araceae is described, focussing on the earliest versions published in the 1870s, the fruits of his innovative morphological and anatomical studies of the family during the time he worked in Munich. This shows that Engler was especially concerned with providing a new classification of the Araceae that, in contrast to that of Heinrich Schott, was explicitly founded on hypothetical evolutionary connections between the major taxa. Particular attention is given to Engler’s 1884 paper in which a detailed theoretical justification of his system is given and it is evident that by this time Engler’s interpretations of Araceae phylogeny had been influenced by C.W. Nägeli’s Vervollkommnungstheorie. The continuing significance of Engler’s work on aroids is highlighted.
The first evolutionary classification of the Araceae: A. Engler’s Natural System