Pollen walls of Araceae, with special reference to their fossilization potential

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1999
Authors:Hesse, M., Weber, M., Halbritter H. - M.
Journal:Grana
Volume:38
Pagination:203-209
ISSN:0017-3134
Keywords:fossils
Abstract:

Araceae, a basal monocot family, has a very poor fossil record, especially with regard to pollen grains. An ultrastructural study of Araceae pollen walls was undertaken to answer the questions: which pollen is resistant to decay and will appear in the fossil record? and which pollen has a smaller fossilization potential and why? The wall strata of Araceae pollen differ in morphology and chemical composition. Only a minority of all Araceae pollen grains has the "conventional’’ type of exine architecture consisting of an acetolysis-resistant ektexine upon a generally thin, but ratherspongy endexine. Pollen grains with this type of exine have a high fossilization potential and should be found unmodified in the fossil record. In contrast, the majority of Araceae pollen has a strikingly different, newly discovered exine architecture: a thick, spongy, acetolysis-resistant endexine is covered by an outer stratum, which either may or may not be resistant to acetolysis. We conclude from these features that the potential for fossilization is greatly reduced. Moreover, pollen remnants, if at all preserved, should be found in a highly modifed form.

Mon, 2013-03-04 14:32 -- Anna
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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith