Anthurium talmonii (Araceae)
Anthurium petrophilum and A. minarum Sakur. & Mayo (Sakuragui & Mayo 1999) are two other species known respectively from inselberg vegetation of the interior of Bahia state and the campo rupestre vegetation of neighbouring Minas Gerais state. These share with A. talmonii narrowly elliptic, lanceolate, oblanceolate or linear leaves and oblong-linear reflexed spathes on long peduncles; they differ however as follows: A. petrophilum usually has a well developed aerial stem (rather than embedded in rock crevices as in A. talmonii), a slightly paler, brown- to green-purple spadix and berries which are white basally and black-purple at the apex and slightly larger (0.7 – 0.9 cm long). A. minarum differs from A. talmonii in the cataphylls persisting entire and membranaceous, the petiole rounded abaxially with rounded adaxial margins, and the presence of dark (sometimes concolorous) punctations scattered over the abaxial surface of the leaf blade.